World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

American Curl

Article Id: WHEBN0000070025
Reproduction Date:

Title: American Curl  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cat Fanciers' Association, List of cat breeds, Cat body-type mutation, Domestic cat, American Cat Fanciers Association
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

American Curl

American Curl
Origin United States
Breed standards
TICA standard
CFA standard
AACE standard
ACFA/CAA Long Hair standard
Domestic cat (Felis catus)

The American Curl is a breed of cat characterized by its unusual ears, which curl back from the face toward the center of the back of the skull. An American Curl's ears should be handled carefully because rough handling may damage the cartilage in the ear. The breed originated in Lakewood, California, as the result of a spontaneous mutation.[1] In June 1981, two stray kittens were found and taken in by the Ruga family. The kittens were both longhaired, one black and the other black and white. The family named them Shulamith and Panda respectively, but Panda disappeared several weeks later, making Shulamith the foundation female of the American Curl breed.

History

An American Curl

In 1986, an American Curl was exhibited at a cat show for the first time, and in 1992, the longhaired American Curl was given championship status by The International Cat Association (TICA). In 1999, the American Curl became the first breed admitted to the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) Championship Class with both longhair and shorthair divisions.[2]

The American Curl is a medium sized cat (5–10 lbs), and does not reach maturity until 2–3 years of age. They are strong and healthy.

American Curl kittens are born with straight ears, which begin to curl within eighty-two days. After four months, their ears will not curl any longer, and should be hard and stiff to the touch. A pet quality American Curl may have almost straight ears, but showcats must have ears that curl in an arc between 90 and 180 degrees. A greater angle is preferable, but cats will be disqualified if their ears touch the back of their skulls.[3]

Both longhaired and shorthaired American Curls have soft, silky coats which lie flat against their bodies. They require little grooming and enjoy spending time with their owners.

The American Curl, while still an uncommon breed, is found across the world in the United States, Spain, France, Japan, Russia, and many other countries.

Health

Due to its large genetic pool with non-pedigree cats, the American Curl is generally a healthy breed.[4] These cats' ears however require frequent cleaning to prevent infections, and needs gentle handling to prevent damage. Various matings between curled cats and normal cats revealed a dominant inheritance of the curl gene. Sex linked distribution was not found. The mutant gene was designated as curl and is symbolized by Cu.[1] Another mutation of the ear pinna was found in Scottish Fold cats. In these cats anomalies were rarely found when heterozygous, however in homozygous (FdFd) cats, animals suffer from dysplasia of the lower limbs and tail.[5] So the question arises if homozygous curls (CuCu) could also be affected by cartilage formation defects and bone abnormalities. However observations of a CuCu cat over two years showed no sign of anomaly.[1]

In popular culture

In the webcomic Achewood, the character Ray Smuckles has admitted to being an American Curl.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Robinson, R. (1989). "The American Curl Cat". Journal of Heredity 80 (6): 474–475. 
  2. ^ Cat Fanciers: American Curl
  3. ^ "Profile American Curl". The Cats Fanciers' Association, Inc. Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  4. ^ American Curl Cat Behavior, Facts and Health Care Problem
  5. ^ Jackson OF . Congenital bone lesions in cats with folded ears . Bull Feline Advisory Bur 1975 ; 14(4):2-4
  6. ^ "Achewood § September 30, 2003". Achewood.com. 2003-09-30. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 

External links

  • CFA breed article
  • TICA page of American Curl Breed
  • Gato American Curl
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.